Actually, the German Bundestag should so variously how our society should be and how it should reflect diversity in Germany. Compared to the proportions in the population, however, there are too few women in the Bundestag, too few people with immigrant backgrounds, too few Gender diversity, too few young, too few very old. fallen far short of the mark in the past, what is the new federal parliament doing better?
Proportion of women in the Bundestag rises slightly
In the future, there will be more women in parliament. The proportion of women is just under 34.7 percent, as can be seen on a graph of the Bundestag. In the last legislative period, it was around 31 percent. Of 735 parliamentary seats, 255 are now occupied by women and 480 by men. As expected, there are strong differences between the parties.
In the case of the Greens and the Left, there are even slightly more women than men in the Bundestag. Within the parliamentary groups, the Greens 58.5 percent of the seats given to women and the left around 54 percent. In the SPD parliamentary group, the proportion of women will therefore be around 42 percent. The FDP parliamentary group has a share of women of around 24 percent, closely followed by the CDU/CSU parliamentary group with around 23.5 percent. Bringing up the rear, as in the past, is the AfD. Here, the proportion of women is just under 13.3 percent.
However gave also made it in percentage terms Already more women in the Bundestag than in the new legislative period. After the 2013 election, the percentage of women was 36.3 percent, but in 2017, the percentage of women dropped massively. The reason: the AfD's entry into the Bundestag. With 10.6 percent women, the AfD had the lowest proportion of women of all the parliamentary groups in the Bundestag.
Gender diversity – the first trans women in the Bundestag
In one respect, the past Bundestag election was definitely a historic success. To first time two trans women will enter the Bundestag. Green Party politicians Nyke Slawik and Tessa Ganserer were the first openly trans people to enter parliament. Ganserer was behind the CSU direct candidate in her Nuremberg constituency, but still secured her seat via the Bavarian Greens' state list. There it was in 13th place.
The trans-ident Nyke Slawik also moved in via her list position. She comes from North Rhine-Westphalia, her constituency is in Leverkusen, where SPD health expert Karl Lauterbach won the direct mandate. In the Bundestag, with Christian Schenk from the Left Party, there has so far only been a trans-ident Member of Parliament. Schenk came out of the closet in 2016, but his term ended in 2002.
New Bundestag – more deputies with a migration background
The proportion of politicians with a migration history has risen slightly in the Bundestag. According to the Integration media service, their share is 11.3 percent. In the previous legislative period, it was 8.2 percent. Despite the slight increase, the Bundestag is nowhere near the population reality in Germany. Currently have about 26 percent of the population have a migration background. So either they themselves or at least one parent was not born with German citizenship.
The differences between the individual parliamentary groups are large. According to the calculations of the media service, the Left Party, with a share of 28.2 percent, is the only party to have a share of deputies with an immigrant background that roughly corresponds to that of the population as a whole. With the SPD parliamentary group The proportion of people from immigrant families increased significantly compared to the previous legislative period: from 9.8 percent to now 17 percent. For the Greens, it fell slightly, from 14.9 percent to 13.6 percent.
According to the research of the media service Integration 7.2 percent of the AfD deputies a migration background. In the FDP parliamentary group, the figure is 5.4 percent. In the CDU/CSU, the proportion of people with foreign roots increased slightly, but this was due to the. However, the CDU/CSU remains the parliamentary group with the lowest proportion of people with an immigrant background, at 4.6 percent. The media service had based its data collection on not always complete information of the parties and parliamentary groups as well as on own searches.
Age structure does not reflect the overall population
What will be decided in the coming years primarily affects the lives young people. The consequences of climate change in particular will become even more apparent than before in the coming decades. But what does the distribution in the Bundestag look like?? On average, a member of parliament is 45.5 years old and a member of parliament is 48.2 years old.
The percentage of male and female politicians aged 18-24 is 0.82 percent. Two politicians under 25 are running for the SPD in the Bundestag, and four politicians from the U-25 generation are running for the Greens. The age range of 25 to 29 years is represented with just under six percent. The Greens lead the way with 18 young people in parliament. Only one person under 30 sits in the AfD, none at all in the Left Party.
Percentage-wise, most parliamentarians are in the age range between 50 and 54 years, at almost 17 percent. Among 45- to 49-year-olds, the figure is 15 percent, and also among 55- to 59-year-olds, it is a good 15 percent. This means that people between 45 and 59 form a base of ca. 47 percent. The End of the age spectrum, 70 years and older, is mapped at 1.4 percent. The 65- to 69-year-olds still account for 3.7 percent of the total population. By comparison, in the population as a whole, the proportion of over 65-year-olds is almost 22 percent. (vad)